Ways the Pandemic May Change the Future of Employment
About 8.5% of U.S. households are headed by a self-employed person. While self-employed households tend to earn a higher income than salaried households, research shows they also tend to take the biggest hit during an economic downturn.1
The emergence of independent contractors and the gig economy helped make self-employment a more viable option for Americans after the 2008 recession. Now, steps are being taken to help self-employed workers weather another economic struggle. For the first time, Congress passed legislation providing unemployment benefits for self-employed workers, including up to 39 weeks of coverage and an extra $600 a week through the end of July.2
The COVID-19 pandemic and its effects have been a difficult experience for everyone. Let us know if you need help creating a household budget during this unprecedented time.
One of the biggest detriments of losing a job is the possibility of losing health insurance or at least being unable to afford higher premiums charged by COBRA. Because this recent crisis is a health care issue, the nation may consider the idea of de-coupling health insurance from employers. This would enable more workers to start their own businesses and generate significant overhead savings for companies.3 At the very least, loss of income would not mean loss of health care coverage for the millions of Americans who receive employer-sponsored insurance.
Many companies have resisted allowing employees to work from home because of questions about productivity, logistics, and technology challenges. However, the COVID-19 requirements for social distancing may push businesses to fully embrace the concept of off-site workers long term. According to Global Workplace Analytics, an employer can save about $11,000 a year per worker who telecommutes 50% of the time.4
Unfortunately, the 2018 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act eliminated the unreimbursed employee expense deduction for those now working from home. Therefore, even if your employer requires that you work from home for the rest of the year, you are currently unable to claim this tax deduction. Only the self-employed who work from home will be able to write off qualified expenses from their business income.5
However, working from home may be able to generate savings on some of your household expenses, such as work clothes, dry cleaning, lunches out, and commuting to work. According to a study by FlexJobs, remote workers can save as much as $4,000 a year by working at home.6
There are other benefits, as well. For example, the average employee’s commute to work takes 26 minutes each day, adding up to four and a half hours in the car each week. If Americans reduced their commute by just one day a week, that would result in a 16% reduction in the U.S. carbon footprint. Plus, imagine how that newfound time could be put to better use.7
A month or two ago, working from home may have appeared to be a dream job, but many now forced into this arrangement may recognize its challenges, such as working longer hours; more distractions; and having a tougher time focusing on productivity, technology challenges, and juggling work and family life. The key is to find productivity during breaks from work, doing things like laundry, getting meals started, and taking time to exercise, all without even having to shower to go back to work.
America, and the world, will get through this pandemic, but in the meantime, we might as well learn from the experience and take away as many lessons as we can going forward.
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1 Karen Kaul and Laurie Goodman. Urban Institute. Jan. 14, 2019. “The mortgage market is not meeting the needs of self-employed workers.” https://www.urban.org/urban-wire/mortgage-market-not-meeting-needs-self-employed-workers. Accessed March 31, 2020.
2 Brittany Hoke. WTAE Pittsburgh. March 30, 2020. “Self-employed workers eligible for unemployment for the first time.” https://www.wtae.com/article/self-employed-workers-eligible-for-unemployment-for-the-first-time/31984815. Accessed March 31, 2020.
3 Phil Galewitz. Kaiser Health News. June 7, 2019. “Why Some CEOs Figure ‘Medicare For All’ Is Good For Business.” https://khn.org/news/a-large-employer-frames-the-medicare-for-all-debate/. Accessed March 31, 2020.
4 Lindsey Jacobsen. CNBC. March 23, 2020. “As coronavirus forces millions to work remotely, the US economy may have reached a ‘tipping point’ in favor of working from home.” https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/23/what-coronavirus-means-for-the-future-of-work-from-home.html. Accessed March 31, 2020.
5 Darla Mercado. CNBC. March 26, 2020. “Stuck working from home? It won’t save you much on your taxes.” https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/26/stuck-working-from-home-it-wont-save-you-much-on-your-taxes.html. Accessed March 31 2020.
6 Aimee Picci. USA Today. March 23, 2020. “If you’re working from home, chances are you’ll save money.” https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/2020/03/22/working-home-likely-save-you-money/5024967002/. Accessed March 31, 2020.
7 Science Times. March 31, 2020. “How COVID-19 Could Change the Future of Work.” https://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/25152/20200331/how-covid-19-could-change-the-future-of-work.htm. Accessed March 31, 2020.
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